Cardiac arrest is a public health issue with widespread incidence and severe impact on human health and well-being.
The following statistics from 2019 are staggering:
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the United States, responsible for 840,768 deaths (635,260 cardiac) in 2016. From 2006 to 2016, the US death rate from CVD decreased by 18.6% and from coronary heart disease by 31.8%.
Approximately every 40 seconds, an American will have a myocardial infarction. The average age of first myocardial infarction is 65.6 years old for men and 72.0 years old for women.
In the United States in 2019, coronary events are expected to occur in about 1,055,000 individuals, including 720,000 new and 335,000 recurrent coronary events.
About 6.2 million American adults had heart failure (HF) in 2013-2016. Patients who were newly hospitalized for HF were almost evenly divided by those with reduced ejection fraction and those with preserved ejection fraction. HF prevalence continues to rise. As of April 27, 2018, 3,994 Americans were on a waiting list for heart transplant, and 55 were waiting for heart and lung transplant.